کاهش هزینه های اتلاف و کمبود فرآورده های مختلف خونی بیمارستان ها با در نظر گرفتن سازگاری گروههای گوناگون

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده صنایع و مکانیک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قزوین، قزوین، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات انتقال خون، موسسه عالی آموزشی و پژوهشی طب انتقال خون، تهران، ایران

3 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مدیریت زنجیره تامین خون یکی از اجزای اصلی سیستم سلامت هر کشور محسوب می گردد. این زنجیره از دو جزء جمع آوری خون اهدا کنندگان و عرضه فرآورده های خون تشکیل شده است. این مقاله با تمرکز روی موضوع عرضه فرآورده های مختلف خون، سعی در ارائه یک مدل ریاضی جهت کاهش هزینه های اتلاف و کمبود موجودی فرآورده های خونی بیمارستان ها دارد. در این مدل ضمن برآورده ساختن نیازهای بیمارستانها در گروههای مختلف خون هزینه های موجودی بیمارستانها مدنظر قرار گرفته است. بدین منظور یک مدل ریاضی تصادفی با هدف کاهش هزینه های اتلاف، تامین و کمبود ارائه شده است. مدل ریاضی در 5 بیمارستان تحت پوشش پایگاه انتقال خون آذربایجان شرقی پیاده سازی شده است.نتایج بدست آمده نشان می دهد بیمارستان ها ترجیح می دهند با توجه به هزینه بالای گروههای خونی هزینه های کمبود را متوجه خود نسازند، لذا هزینه های اتلاف را بپردازند. با توجه به سازگاری گروههای مختلف خون هزینه های تامین فرآورده گلبول قرمز 18 % کاهش یافته و موجودی گروه خونی o+ نیز جهت سازگاری با سایر گروههای خونی کاهش یافته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reducing the cost of wastage and shortage of hospitals' blood products with regard to the compatibility of blood groups

نویسنده [English]

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چکیده [English]

Reducing the cost of wastage and shortage of hospitals' blood products with regard to the compatibility of blood groups
Blood supply chain management is considered one of the main components of the health system of each country. This chain consists of two-component blood collection and supply of products for blood donors has been formed. This article focuses on the issue of the supply of blood products; that tries to provide a mathematical model to reduce waste costs and a shortage of blood products to hospitals. In this model, while meeting the needs of different groups of hospitals, blood in hospitals is minimized inventory costs. A mathematical model in five hospitals affiliated Blood Transfusion Center of East Azerbaijan is implemented. With regard to the compatibility of blood groups and red cell products supply costs and inventory decreased 18% o + blood group also declined to be compatible with other blood types.
Keywords: blood supply chain, RBC, compatibility, BTC

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • زنجیره تامین خون
  • گلبول قرمز متراکم
  • سازگاری گروههای خونی
  • پایگاه انتقال خون
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