یک مدل مکان‌یابی دو هدفه برای طراحی شبکه زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته تحت شرایط عدم قطعیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال

2 مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال

چکیده

افزایش توجه به مسائل زیست محیطی اهمیت مسئله طراحی زنجیره‌های تأمین حلقه بسته را که شامل تولید و بازیافت و امحاء ضایعات است، دو چندان کرده است. مسئله طراحی یکپارچه شبکه‌های زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته به عنوان یکی از مسائل مهم در مدیریت زنجیره‌های تأمین شامل تعیین هم‌زمان مکان و تعداد تسهیلات مورد نیاز (تولید، جمع‌آوری، بازیافت و انهدام) در زنجیره تأمین رو به جلو و معکوس، موجودی هر تسهیل و کمیت جریان ارسالی بین آن‌ها می‌باشد. در این مقاله، زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته‌ای با محصولات متنوع (چند محصولی) مطالعه شده و یک مدل برنامه‌ریزی ‌ریاضی خطی دو هدفه (کاهش هزینه‌های کل زنجیره و میزان آلایندگی‌های زیست محیطی) به منظور تعیین متغیرهای راهبردی مسئله شامل مکان‌یابی مراکز تولید، جمع‌آوری و انهدام محصولات و متغیرهای عملیاتی در دوره‌های مختلف برنامه‌ریزی (چند دوره‌ای) شامل جریان‌های بین تسهیلات به تفکیک وسایل نقلیه مختلف و موجودی‌های هر تسهیل ارائه شده است. به دلیل وجود عدم قطعیت در پارمترهایی مانند تقاضا و میزان کالای برگشتی از مشتریان، مدل پیشنهادی در شرایط عدم قطعیت (بهینه‌سازی استوار) توسعه یافته است. ضمن بررسی اعتبارسنجی مدل، کاربرد مدل پیشنهادی برای طراحی شبکه تأمین و بازیافت بطری‌های شیشه‌ای با هدف کاهش هزینه‌های احداث مراکز و حمل و نقل‌ها برای محصولات مختلف و در کل دوره برنامه ریزی به اضافه کمینه‌کردن کل گاز دی اکسید کربن تولیدی بررسی شده است. تحلیل حساسیت مدل بهینه‌سازی استوار نیز در پایان انجام شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Bi-Objective Model to Design Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network under Uncertainty

نویسنده [English]

  • Zahra Safari 2
2 Industrial Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

By increasing attention to environmental issues, the problem of design closed-loop supply chain has been more important. The integrated design of closed-loop supply chains as one of the most important issues in the management of supply chains involve determining the location and number of required facilities (production, collection, recycling and disposal) in the forward and reverse supply chain, inventories in every facility and flows between them. In this paper, a closed-loop supply chain with diverse products (multi-product) has been studied and a linear bi-objective mathematical model is proposed to reduce the total costs and the emissions in the network with determining the strategic and operational variables. Because of the uncertainty in parameters of proposed model such as customer demands or returns, the proposed model under uncertainty (robust optimization) is developed. The closed-loop supply chain of glass bottles is studied and modeled to minimize the total costs and production of carbon dioxide by proposed model. Finally, a sensitivity analysis of robust optimization model was conducted.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supply chain network design
  • closed-loop supply chain
  • robust optimization
  • Green supply chain
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