ارایه چارچوبی یکپارچه جهت تشکیل سبد پروژه‌های سازمان با با رویکرد تلفیقی QFD و ANP در شرایط عدم قطعیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه شاهد

2 دانشجو

10.22054/jims.2019.30274.2005

چکیده

امروزه اساس کار اغلب هلدینگ ها و شرکت‌های پیمانکاری، مبتنی بر پروژه‌هایشان است لذا بخش اعظم درآمدهای آنها در گرو انتخاب و اجرای صحیح پروژه ها می باشد. اصولا ارزیابی و انتخاب پروژه‌ها جهت تشکیل سبد بهینه پروژه سازمان، یک مسئله تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیاره است که با توجه به ماهیت آن و قضاوت‌های ذهنی تصمیم‌گیرندگان، دارای عدم قطعیت و ابهام می‌باشد. از این‌رو مدیران نیازمندی سازوکاری نظام‌مند هستند تا درحضور معیارهای متعدد، تصمیم‌گیری صحیحی را اتخاذ نمایند. در این مقاله، چارچوبی یکپارچه مبتنی بر رویکرد بسط عملکرد کیفیت فازی و روش فرآیند تحلیل شبکه‌ای فازی، جهت برگرداندن نیازمندی‌های کارفرمایان به مشخصه‌های فنی موردنیاز و همچنین ارزیابی و انتخاب پروژه‌های کاندید برای ورود به سبد پروژه‌های سازمان پیشنهاد می‌شود. برای نمایش قابلیت‌های چارچوب پیشنهادی، ارزیابی و انتخاب مناسب‌ترین پروژه در حوزه ساختمان و ابنیه در یک شرکت پروژه محور دردستور کار قرار گرفت. نتایج حاصله بیانگر آن است که در میان نیازمندی‌های کارفرمایان این حوزه، "مدیریت نظام‌مند ریسک پروژه" از بیشترین وزن (اهمیت) و در بین مشخصه‌های فنی موردنیاز پروژه (معیارهای ارزیابی پروژه) "توانمندی فناوری" با امتیاز 0.088 از اهمیت بالاتری نسبت به سایر معیارها برخوردارند. بعلاوه پروژه پیشنهادی پنجم در مجموع کلیه معیارها بیشترین امتیاز را به خود اختصاص داده و به‌عنوان پروژه کاندید قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Provides an Integrated Framework for Creating a Corporate Project Basket with an Integrated Approach for QFD and ANP under Uncertainty

نویسنده [English]

  • Reza Abbasi 1
1 Faculty Member of Shahed University
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, most of the holdings and contracting companies are based on their projects, so most of their revenues depend on the selection and proper implementation of the projects. Basically, evaluating and selecting projects to form an optimal portfolio of an organization's project is a multi-criteria decision-making problem that has uncertainty and ambiguity, depending on its nature and the judgments of decision makers. Hence, managers need systematic mechanisms to make the right decisions in the presence of multiple criteria. In this paper, an integrated framework based on Fuzzy function performance expansion and the Fuzzy Network Analysis process approach is proposed to revert the requirements of employers to the required technical characteristics as well as to evaluate and select candidate projects for entry into the project portfolio of the organization. To demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed framework, the evaluation and selection of the most suitable project in the field of building and construction was carried out in a project-based project company. The results indicate that among the requirements of the employers in this area, "systematic project risk management" of the highest importance (weight) and among the technical characteristics of the project (project evaluation criteria), "technology capability" with a score of 0.088 is more important than other Metrics. In addition, the proposed Fifth Project, in aggregate, has all the highest scores and serves as a candidate project.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Project portfolio management
  • Fuzzy function performance expansion
  • Fuzzy Network Analysis Process
  • Language variables
  • Uncertainty
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