طراحی و تبیین الگوی زنجیره تامین تاب آور در صنایع داروسازی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت صنعتی ، گرایش تولید و عملیات، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشیار مدیریت صنایع دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 استاد مدیریت صنایع دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

4 استاد مدیریت صنایع دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

طی دو دهه اخیر، پیچیدگی محیط کسب و کار، پویایی، عدم اطمینان و نوسانات محیطی بالاتر، مفاهیمی همچون جهانی شدن و رقابت فزاینده باعث تغییرات بسیاری در معادلات حاکم بر زنجیره تامین صنایع شده است. در ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮاﻳﻄﻲ ﻛﺴﺐ وﻛﺎرﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮای مواجهه ﺑﺎ ﺟﺮﻳﺎن ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ای از ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻫﺎ از قبیل ﺑﺤﺮانهای اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی، تحریم ها، ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎت ﻧﺮخ ارز و ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻫﺎ، ﻣﺤﺪودﻳﺖ ﻫﺎی ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪی و ﻳﺎ ﺑﻼﻳﺎی ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺧﻮد را آﻣﺎده ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ. "تاب آوری" یکی از راهبردهای مقابله با چنین چالش هایی است. پـژوهش حاضر قصد دارد، با توجه به جایگاه استراتژیک صنعت داروسازی بعنوان بخشی از سیستم سلامت جامعه،الگوی زنجیره تامین تاب آور را در این بخش ارائه دهد. به این منظور ضمن تعمق در ادبیات موضوع ، مصاحبه با خبرگان و بهره گیری از روش دلفی، مولفه ها و شاخصهای تاب آوری زنجیره تامین شناسایی و استخراج گردید. در این راستا پرسشنامه ای طراحی و در اختیار جامعه آماری صنعت دارو قرار گرفت. نتایج با استفاده از تکنیک مدلسازی ساختاری و نرم افزار لیزرل، تجزیه و تحلیل شده و با تبیین ارتباطات بین عوامل، الگوی پیشنهادی پژوهش تایید شد. این الگو روابط بین مولفه هایی نظیر محرکها، آسیب پذیریها، قابلیت ها و توانمند سازهای زنجیره تامین و تاثیر آنها بر یکدیگر را مورد مطالعه قرار داده است. نتایج نشان میدهد؛مدیران صنایع داروسازی میتوانند از طریق ایجاد یا بهره گیری از قابلیت ها و تقویت توانمند سازها، ضمن کاهش عواملی که شرکتها را مستعد اختلال می نمایند، تاب آوری لازم در مواجهه با آنها را کسب نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Resilient Supply Chain Model in Iran Pharmaceutical Industries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolreza Sedighpour 1
  • Mostafa Zandieh 2
  • Akbar Alem Tabriz 3
  • behroz dori 4
1 Ph.D candidate of shahid beheshti university, faculty of managment, tehran,Iran
2 professor, fuaculty of management , shahid beheshti university
3 Department of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Within two recent decades, the complexity of business environment, dynamics, uncertainty and higher environmental fluctuations, concepts such as globalization and increasing competition made many changes in the equations ruling on the industries supply chain. In such conditions, the businesses must make themselves ready for encountering the continuous flow of challenges such as economic crises, sanctions, exchange rate and prices fluctuations, limitations of manufacturing system or natural disasters. “Resiliency” is one of strategies for dealing with such challenges. The present study aims to review the systematic studies based on the strategic position of pharmaceutical industry as a part of society’s health system and present here the resilient supply chain model. For this purpose, in addition to contemplating in the literature review, interview to the experts and using Delphi method, the resilient elements and indices of supply chain were identified and extracted, and a questionnaire was designed and provided to the population of pharmaceutical industry. The results were analyzed using structural Equations modeling technique and Lisrel software, and the proposed model of research was accepted upon explaining the associations between factors. This model studied the relationship between elements such as drivers, vulnerabilities, capabilities and empowerments of supply chain and their effect on each other. Summary of study indicates that the managers of pharmaceutical industries through making or using the capabilities and strengthening the empowerments can reduce the factors that make the companies susceptible for the disruption, and achieve the required resiliency to deal with them.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supply Chain Resiliency
  • Disruption
  • Vulnerability
  • Capability
  • Empowerment
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