شناسایی و ارزیابی شاخص های زنجیره تامین پایدار در صنعت پتروشیمی با رویکرد تصمیم گیری چند معیاره

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد

2 دانشیار

3 دکتر

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی شاخص‌های زنجیره تامین پایدار در صنعت پتروشیمی است. رویکرد پژوهش، اکتشافی و توصیفی با استفاده از روش آمیخته برای جمع‌آوری و تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌هاست. این پژوهش با متاسنتز کیفی شاخص‌های پایداری زنجیره تامین از پژوهش‌های پیشین، و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار مکس‌کیودا شروع شده است. سپس شاخص‌های شناسایی شده براساس روش‌های کمی دلفی-فازی، دیمتل و فرایند تحلیل شبکه‌ای تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.بنابراین در این گام پرسشنامه‌‌ها توسط 23 خبره صنعت پتروشیمی که با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شده بودند، کامل شد. در مجموع 15 شاخص برای پایداری زنجیره تامین شناسایی و طبقه‌بندی شد. در روش کمی سه شاخص "سازمان و شرکت محور"، "مدیریت محیطی" و "فشارهای محیطی" به عنوان بحرانی‌ترین شاخص‌ها رتبه‌بندی شد. این پژوهش اهمیت شاخص‌ها را و همچنین روابط بین شاخص‌های پایداری زنجیره تامین صنایع پتروشیمی را پررنگ کرده است. نتایج پژوهش می‌تواند به تصمیم‌گیرندگان در اولویت‌بندی منابع، اقدامات و راهبردهای اداره‌ی زنجیره تامین سودمند باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

USING A COMBINED APPROACH OF QUALITATIVE & MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING (MCDM) APPROACH IN ORDER TO PRESENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE SUPPLY CHAINS MODEL IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY

نویسندگان [English]

  • saeed rayatpisha 1
  • reza ahmay 2
  • Maisam_Abbasi Abbasi 3
1 MSc
2 Associate Prof
3 PHD
چکیده [English]

Purpose of this research is to study criteria of sustainable supply chains in petrochemical industry. The research approach was both explorative and explanatory by using mixed methodologies for collection and analysis of data. It started with qualitative meta- synthesis of criteria of sustainable supply chains in former publications by using MAXQDA software. Afterwards, the identified criteria were quantitatively analyzed based on Delphi-fuzzy, DEMATEL and analytic network process (ANP) methodologies. Therefore, in this step the questionnaires was completed by 23 experts of Petrochemical industry, who were selected by purposive sampling. In total, fifteen criteria of sustainable supply chains were identified and classified. In the quantitative analysis, the three criteria of "organization & corporate-centric", "environmental management" and "environmental pressures" were rated as the most critical criteria. This study highlights the importance of criteria as well as the strength of interrelationships among criteria of sustainable supply chains in petrochemical industry. The research results can be beneficial for decision makers to prioritize their resources, actions, and strategies in steering supply chains sustainable development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sustainable supply chain
  • mix approach
  • meta-synthesis
  • analytic network process (ANP)
  • DEMATEL
 
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