ارائه یک مدل برنامه ریزی چند هدفه برای مسئله مکان یابی–موجودی-مسیریابی در یک شبکه زنجیره تامین چند سطحی با در نظر گرفتن حداکثر پوشش تقاضا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی قزوین، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مکانیک

2 کارشناسی ارشد، مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مکانیک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قزوین

چکیده

امروزه رقابت شدید در بازارهای جهانی شرکتها را وادار به طراحی و مدیریت بهتر زنجیره های تامین کرده است. از آنجا که نقش مهم سه عامل مکانیابی، مسیریابی و موجودی در ادامه حیات یک زنجیره تامین پوشیده نیست لذا یکپارچگی این سه عنصر یک زنجیره تامین کارا و موثر را بدست خواهند داد. در این پژوهش مساله طراحی شبکه زنجیره تامینی را مورد مطالعه قرار میدهیم که شامل مسئله مسیریابی و موجودی متشکل از تخصیص جریان، مسیریابی وسایل نقلیه بین تسهیلات ، مکانیابی مراکز توزیع و همچنین در نظر گرفتن حداکثر پوشش جهت پاسخ به تقاضای مشتریان می باشد. مدل ریاضی ارائه شده یک مدل برنامه ریزیغیر خطی عدد صحیح مختلط برای مسالهمکانیابی-مسیریابی-موجودی در زنجیره تامین چهار سطحی با در نظر گرفتن اهداف متعارض چندگانه هزینه کل، زمان سفر و حداکثر پوشش می باشد. به منظور حل مدل ارائه شده از سه الگوریتم فراابتکاری NSGA-II، NRGA و MOPSO استفاده شده است.که صحت مدل ریاضی و الگوریتم های ارائه شده از طریق مثال عددی ارزیابی می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Multi-Objective Optimization Model For Location-Inventory-Routing Problem in a Multi-Echelon Supply Chain Network Considering Maximum Demand Coverage

نویسنده [English]

  • Behnam Vahdani 1
چکیده [English]

Today, intense competition in global markets has forced companies to design and manage of supply chains in a better way. Since the role of three factors: location, routing and inventory is important to continue the life of a supply chain so, integration of these three elements will create an efficient and effective supply chain. In this study, we investigate the problem of supply chain network design that including routing and inventory problem consist of flow allocation, vehicle routing between facilities, locating distribution centers and also consider the maximum coverage for respond to customer demand. Proposed mathematical model is a nonlinear mixed integer programming model for location-routing-inventory problem in the four-echelon supply chain by considering the multiple conflicting goals of total cost, travel time and maximum coverage. In order to solve the proposed model, three meta-heuristic algorithms (MOPSO, MSGA_II and NRGA) has been used. The accuracy of mathematical model and proposed algorithms are evaluated through numerical examples

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Location
  • Routing
  • Supply Chain
  • inventory
  • Meta-Heuristic Algorithm
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