Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Shomal University, Amol, Iran

2 Assisstant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Mehr Alborz University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Industrial Engineering,University of Science and Technology of Mazandaran,


Green building has attracted widespread attention in recent years. Increasing building projects in Iran has had significant environmental impacts and green building implementation is an appropriate approach to reduce the environmental risks. Green building projects facing with risks unwittingly which, reduce their efficiency. Therefore, identifying and ranking the risks can play a significant role in the success of green building projects. Due to the few studies in this area in Iran, this study aims to provides a new comprehensive framework of all the criteria and risks of green building projects. For this purpose, the first step aims to identify and screen the risks from the viewpoint of experts in green building projects and introducing the risk assessment criteria. After that, the next step is to apply the SWARA method to obtain the weight of the criteria. Finally, Ranking of the risks of green building projects has been done using the COPRAS method. This is the first attempt to solve a green building project using a hybrid of SWARA and COPRAS through a case study (Amol). The results show that risks of: the low quality of materials and equipment, the stakeholder resistance to approve the green ideas and lack of realistic goals are very important. The proposed framework can help stakeholders of green building projects in developing countries to manage project risks more efficiently.


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