Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.S. Graduate student, Department of Industrial Management, School of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatabae’i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University

3 Department of Industrial Management, Management and Accounting Faculty, Allame Tabataba’i University


This paper investigates unreliable multi-product assembly lines with mixed (serial-parallel) layout model in which machines failures and repairing probabilities are considered. The aim of this study is to develop a multi-objective mathematical model consisting the maximization of the throughput rate of the system and the minimization of the total cost of reducing mean processing times and the total buffer capacities with respect to the optimal values of the mean processing time of each product in each workstation and the buffer capacity between workstations. For this purpose, in order to configure the structure of the mathematical model, Simulation, Design of Experiments and Response Surface Methodology are used and to solve it, the meta-heuristic algorithms including Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II) and Non-Dominated Ranked Genetic Algorithm (NRGA) are implemented. The validity of the multi-objective mathematical model and the application of the proposed methodology for solving the model is examined on a case study. Finally, the performance of the algorithms used in this study is evaluated. The results show that the proposed multi-objective mathematical model is valid for optimizing unreliable production lines and has the ability to achieve optimal (near optimal) solutions in other similar problems with larger scale and more complexity.